Tag Archives: PBRF

The wrong impact

“We just got a paper in an Impact Factor 10 journal … and hope to go higher soon.”  That’s a statement made to me last week.  It is wrong on so many levels, but does it matter?   Nobel Prize winners think so. This video from nobelprize.org appeared in my twitter feed on Friday.  Before you watch it, consider this, academics in NZ are being encouraged in promotion applications and in preparing for the next round of NZ Performance Based Research Fund (PBRF), which will allocate millions of dollars to academic institutions, to include a metric of the ranking of the journal.  The Impact Factor is the most common metric available.


ps. I would not allow a student working with me to present a raw mean of a highly skewed distribution because it so very poorly represents the distribution.  However, this is exactly what the Impact Factor does (for those who don’t know the most common impact factor for a journal in any given year is simply the sum of citations of articles from the preceding two years divided by the total number of articles published.  The citation distribution is usually skewed because the vast majority of articles receive very few citations in such a short time, but a few receive a lot).  There are numerous other problems with it, not the least that it can’t be used to compare “impact” between different disciplines.

Publish And Perish

I didn’t want to be in a position to write this post.  I’ve procrastinated and debated whether I should or not – mainly because I don’t want it to come across as sour grapes.  However, procrastination over…

2013 was a great year from the academic metrics point of view – many articles were written, twice I published articles which were written up in Nature Reviews, I got a PhD student across the line, I had more citations than every before, and my h-index continued to increase.  My PBRF score came out a “B”, which given it was based on only 4 years work I was happy with, and to top it off 3 months ago my university promoted me to Associate Professor.

PandPYou’d think that would be enough to keep me happy, but, one crucial element was missing.  On 31 Dec 2013 I finally ran out of grant funds and lost my position.  Yes, I Published AND Perished.  Ta daaa…

There are a number of reasons for this situation: (1) I failed to successfully beat other grant applicants to the prize – something I have to do regularly for me to survive in academia, (2) I failed to persuade the university to shift funds from one priority to another, and (3) I have failed to persuade (successive) governments to change the focus of their funding from projects to people. The reality of the situation in New Zealand is that within universities the position of investigator driven grant funded (only) research scientist is under threat.  It is  a “career path” which has all but disappered.  Should this career path be cleared and made navigable once more?  That’s something the policy makers in universities and government departments need to think about.

For me, the consequences are that the work I have been doing on Acute Kidney Injury must slow down dramatically.  I’m still looking to carry on some work part-time – at the very very least I still have the data which patients have volunteered to provide which needs writing up and publishing. I see this as a moral responsibility.

Fortunately, this post is not all negative.  Two weeks ago I began a part-time position as a Senior Research Scientist with the Emergency Care Foundation.   This is a great opportunity to get involved with some world-class research emanating from the Emergency Department of Christchurch hospital.  At a later stage I will post on the studies and trials we are running.

One last comment, Sir Peter Gluckmann wrote recently of the “Impact Agenda” for publicly funded research.  He talked of what are sometimes seen as competing impacts – that of the universities with an emphasis on publications, citations, and that awful pathetic publication metric called the “impact factor”, and that of policy makers wanting research to impact public policy, societal health, the environment and the economy.  I think there is a need for some given and take – academic institutions and academics need to take a breath and re-evaluate the public good of metric driven research – some changes to the PBRF system could help this. Indeed, I wish many of my fellow academics would recognise they are in a service industry, where ultimately they research for the good of the public.  Policy makers and politicians, on the other hand, need to step back from treating scientists as if they were engineers who can be told to build something.  Science just does not work like engineering, it is not a tool to be used to produce a desired output, rather a methodology by which great changes and great good can happen.

Spin Doctors go to work on PBRF

University of Taihape:  Doctor Doctor I’ve got a 1.7 on my PBRF

Doctor Spin: Never mind son, your Gumbootlogy results make you the healthiest tertiary education provider in the country.  Let’s talk about that, shall we?

Scoop.co.nz has all the spin from the universities and polytechnics this morning as they try and give the impression that they are the best.  At times like this I am ashamed to be an academic.  One of the worst of sins is to cherry pick data to make your self look good.  We are used to this from certain sectors of society, but we should expect better from our educational institutions. Unfortunately, the culture of self promotion above all else has taken hold in our hallowed halls.

For those who are unaware of what I am talking about, around 18 months or so ago all academics in the country had to put forward a “portfolio” to demonstrate just how research active they were.  This is the Performance Based Research Fund (PBRF) exercise held every 6 or so years. Groups of academics under government oversight then went about scoring each academic in a process that has taken 15 months.  The result is that every academic has been given a grade A , B, C or not research active.  The grades of academics in each institution are then thrown into four different formula – each has additional information about different aspects of the institution (eg numbers of postgrad students).  Four numbers result.  This gives Doctor Spin plenty to play with. The numbers are also what are used to allocate hundreds of millions of dollars of research funds – here in lies the importance of PBRF to the institutions. A number is also provided for each of the self selected academic units that the institutions provided to the Tertiary Eduction Commission.  If they don’t score well in any of the four overall grades (comparative to other institutions their own size), then they can pick a favourable number from one of their academic units and talk about that. More grist for the spin mill.

Academics are notoriously competitive – obviously a good trait when it drives them to produce better and better research. I certainly have some of that streak in me. However, it is not  helpful when it results in attempting to pull the wool over the eyes of the public as happened yesterday.  The PBRF is a complex system designed to find a way to allocate research funds and hopefully improve research quality.  Academics will argue until the cows come home if it does this fairly. It certainly is a very expensive exercise. It certainly focusses institutions on the importance of research, which is a good thing.  Remember, the teaching in our universities (not polytechnics) is required by law to derive from research.  However, as a small country where the combined size of all our universities is only that of some of the larger overseas universities I wonder if such a inter – institution competitive model is the best for the country?  Perhaps the story should be an evaluation of cost benefits of the exercise. Is this the best method of allocating funds? Such a story should also consider if the competition is enhancing or detracting from the quality of research – after all in almost any field experts are spread across institutions.  Collegiality is a major driver of good research – does PBRF hinder that?


If you want to check out the PBRF results in detail your self you can download a PDF from the Tertiary Education Commission here.

Disclaimer:  If you think my skepticism about PBRF is sour grapes because of a “poor” grade, then you’d be wrong.